Abu-Simbel ä˝bo͞o-sĭm´bəl [key] or Ipsambul ĭp´sämbo͞ol´ [key], village, S Egypt, on the Nile River. Its two temples were hewn (c.1250 BC) out of rock cliffs during the reign of Ramses II. To avoid the rising waters caused by the construction of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s, the colossal statues of Ramses II and the temples were cut into 950 blocks and reassembled farther inland. The project, sponsored by UNESCO and funded by more than 50 nations, was completed in 1966.
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