Day, Dorothy

Day, Dorothy, 1897–1980, American journalist and social activist, b. New York City. After studying at the Univ. of Illinois (1914–16), where she joined the Socialist party, she returned to New York and wrote for socialist publications. In 1927 she joined the Roman Catholic Church, then wrote for the lay Catholic Commonweal and cofounded (1933) the Catholic Worker with Peter Maurin. The Catholic Worker Movement, which grew out of that newspaper, supports social justice and pacifist causes based on Catholic principles, including Catholic settlement houses . Among Day's writings are the semi-autobiographical novel The Eleventh Virgin (1924) and the autobiographical From Union Square to Rome (1938), about her conversion to Catholicism, and The Long Loneliness (1952).

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