1897–1980, American journalist and social activist, b. New York City. After studying at the Univ. of Illinois (1914–16), where she joined the Socialist party, she returned to New York and wrote for socialist publications. In 1927 she joined the Roman Catholic Church, then wrote for the lay Catholic Commonweal
and cofounded (1933) the Catholic Worker
with Peter Maurin, a newspaper she edited for some 40 years. The Catholic Worker Movement, which grew out of the newspaper, supports social justice and pacifist causes based on Catholic principles, including Catholic settlement houses
. Among Day's writings are the semiautobiographical novel The Eleventh Virgin
(1924) and two autobiographical books, From Union Square to Rome
(1938), about her conversion to Catholicism, and The Long Loneliness
(1952), a memoir of her life and times.
See The Reckless Way of Love, a miscellany of her writings ed. by K. Kurtz (2017); biography by K. Hennessy, her granddaughter (2017);.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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