Campbell, Keith, 1954–2012, British cell biologist, b. Birmingham, England, Ph.D. Univ. of Sussex, 1986. In 1991 he joined the Edinburgh Research Station of Animal Physiology and Genetics Research (now the Roslin Institute of the Univ. of Edinburgh) as an animal researcher, working with Dr. Ian Wilmut on cloning techniques in animals. In 1995 they cloned two lambs using embryonic cells, and in 1996 they produced Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from a single cell of an adult animal. From 1997 to 2012 Campbell was head of embryology at PPL Therapeutics, a biopharmaceutical company in Scotland, where a lamb was created from the skin cells of fetal sheep and four lambs were created from the original genetic material used in the creation of Dolly. He also was a professor (1999–2012) at the Univ. of Nottingham.
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