Schwarzkopf, H. Norman
(Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.), 1934–2012, U.S. army general, b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from West Point (1956) and served two tours of duty in the Vietnam War, the first (1965–66) as an adviser and the second (1969–70) in command of an infantry battalion. He was twice wounded in the war and decorated with three Silver Stars, three Bronze Stars, and the Distinguished Service Medal. In 1983, he was deputy commander of the U.S. invasion of Grenada
. As commander in chief (1988–92) of the U.S. Central Command (responsible for the Middle East and Africa), Schwartzkopf led U.S. and Western forces in the successful allied invasion of Iraq in the First Persian Gulf War
(1991). He retired from the U.S. Army in 1992 as a four-star general.
See his autobiography (1992, with P. Petre); N. Friedman, Desert Victory (1991); M. R. Gordon, The Generals' War (1995).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies