Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich
Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich fy?ly?ks ?dmo?ond?v?ch dz?rzh?nsk? [key], 1877?1926, Russian Bolshevik leader, organizer, and first chairman (1917?21) of the Cheka (see secret police). He was the son of Polish aristocrats. Under his direction, the reign of terror against anti-Bolsheviks reached its height in 1918. Dzerzhinsky also headed the agencies that succeeded the Cheka (the OGPU and the GPU) and held other high posts.
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