Saleh, Ali Abdullah
Faced significant protests against his rule, he promised in Feb., 2011, not to seek reelection, but the protests continued and erupted into fighting in May. Severely wounded (June 2011), Saleh went to Saudi Arabia for treatment, returning to Yemen in September. In November he finally agreed to cede power, remaining on as titular president until an election in Feb., 2012, confirmed Vice President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi as his successor, but Saleh subsequently attempted to undermine the new government through his supporters in it and in the military. He (and military forces that still supported him) later aligned with the Houthi Shiite rebels who seized the capital in 2014, leading the UN to sanction him. He was killed by Houthi forces after he moved to break with them.
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