Togo, Heihachiro hā´hächĭrō´ tō´gō [key]
, 1846–1934, Japanese admiral, Japan's greatest naval hero. He studied naval science in England (1871–78), gained international recognition for his service in the First Sino-Japanese War
, and contributed greatly to the development of Japanese sea power. In the Russo-Japanese War
he defeated the Russian fleet at Port Arthur in 1904 and destroyed the Russian Baltic fleet in 1905 at the battle of Tsushima
. This historic battle broke Russian strength in East Asia. Later he was chief of the naval general staff and a member of the supreme war council.
See E. A. Falk, Togo and the Rise of Japanese Sea Power (1936); G. Blond, Admiral Togo (tr. 1960).
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