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Louis XIV: The Court

Although he had a series of mistresses, Louis XIV finally came under the influence of Mme de Maintenon , whom he married morganatically (1684) after the queen's death. A great supporter of the arts, Louis patronized the foremost writers and artists of his time, including Molière , Jean Racine , Jean de La Fontaine , and Charles Le Brun . The architect Jules Mansart supervised the building of the lavish palace of Versailles . Because of the brilliance of his court, Louis was called Le Roi Soleil [the Sun King] and Le Grand Monarque. He was succeeded by his great-grandson, Louis XV .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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