Sung Chiao-jen

Sung Chiao-jen so͝ong jyou-jŭn [key], 1882–1913, Chinese revolutionary and political leader. He was a founding member (1905) and a leading activist in the Revolutionary Alliance (see Sun Yat-sen ), an organization dedicated to overthrowing the Manchu dynasty in favor of a republic. After the republican revolution of 1911, Sung guided the Revolutionary Alliance into a merger with several parliamentary parties to form the Kuomintang , or Nationalist party. The parliamentary majority achieved by the Kuomintang in the elections of 1912–13 was largely due to Sung's superb organizing ability. He advocated a party cabinet to check the power of the first president, Yüan Shih-kai . Sung was assassinated, allegedly at the instigation of Yuan.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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