Mausolus môsō´ləs [key], d. 353 BC, Persian satrap, ruler over Caria (c.376–353 BC). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes II , he later allied himself with the Persian kings. He extended his power greatly, even to hegemony over Rhodes. After his death his wife, Artemisia, erected at Halicarnassus a tomb that he had planned, called the mausoleum .
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies