Garofalo, Il

Garofalo, Il ēl gärô´fälō [key], 1481–1559, Italian painter of the Ferrarese school, whose real name was Benvenuto Tisi or Tisio. Influenced by Raphael, he painted in a competent though unoriginal style. He worked chiefly in the churches and palaces of Ferrara, Bologna, and Rome. Examples of his work in Ferrara are the Nativity and Resurrection of Lazarus in the museum; The Kiss of Judas, in the Church of San Francesco; and Madonna Enthroned and the beautiful frescoes of saints Peter and Paul in the cathedral. Other notable examples are two paintings of the miracles of St. Nicholas (Metropolitan Mus.) and The Baptism of Christ and The Meditation of St. Jerome (National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.). Garofalo went blind in 1550.

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