Rousseau, Théodore tāōdôr´ ro͞osō´ [key], 1812–67, French landscape painter; leader of the Barbizon school . He first received recognition in the Salon of 1848 and was commissioned by the state to paint his Sortie de la forêt de Fontainebleau (Louvre). Thereafter he enjoyed a modest success and lived simply in Barbizon near his friend J. F. Millet. Rousseau's landscapes are grave and full of a deep love of solitude. He is best represented in the Metropolitan Museum and in the Louvre.
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