Mansart or Mansard, Franois both: frNsw mNsr [key]
, 1598?1666, French architect. His work is noted as being an outstanding expression of French classical design. In 1635 he was commissioned by the duc d'Orlans to make additions to the chteau of Blois. That same year he designed the Htel de la Vrillire, which for a long time served as a classic model for the elegant Paris house. Mansart began construction of the Church of Val-de-Grce and finished the lower part before the commission was transferred to Lemercier. The best surviving examples of Mansart's work are the chteau of Maisons and, in Paris, the alterations of the Htel Carnavalet, now a museum.
See A. Blunt, Franois Mansart and the Origins of French Classical Architecture (1941); A. Braham and P. Smith, Franois Mansart (2 vol., 1973).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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