Motion is often important in his work, as in his first American building, the Milwaukee Art Museum's Quadracci Pavilion (2001), which includes louvered sunscreens that rise from the building like giant wings, opening and closing to control light. The World Trade Center Transportation Hub in lower Manhattan (2016) is a largely white marble station with a large, soaring main hall with ribs and a ribbonlike skylight within an aboveground structure originally designed to echo a dove. Plagued by cost overruns and alterations due to cost and security concerns, it has been criticized as a boondoggle but nonetheless become a landmark. Calatrava is also known for his drawings and sculpture, which have been exhibited in numerous galleries since 1985.
See his Dynamic Equilibrium, Recent Projects (1996) and Conversations with Students: The MIT Lectures (2002); studies by D. Sharp, ed. (1994), K. Frampton, ed. (1996), S. Polano (1996, tr. 1999), A. Tzonis (1996), S. van Moos, ed. (1998), L. Molinari, ed. (1999); P. Jodidio (2001), A. Cuito, ed. (2002), and M. Levin (2002).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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