Buchan, John, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir

Buchan, John, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir bŭk´ən, twēdz´myo͞or [key], 1875–1940, Scottish author and statesman. Included among his works are a history (4 vol., 1921–22) of World War I biographies of Julius Caesar (1932), Scott (1932), and Cromwell (1934) short stories, essays, and poetry and adventure novels, including The Thirty-nine Steps (1915), The Path of the King (1921), and Mountain Meadow (1941). Elected to Parliament in 1927, he was appointed governor-general of Canada in 1935 and was raised to the peerage. His tenure in Canada was popular he promoted good relations with the United States.

See his autobiography, Pilgrim's Way (1940) biographies by J. Smith (1965) and A. Lownie (2004).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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