calendar [Lat., from Kalends], system of reckoning time for the practical purpose of recording past events and calculating dates for future plans. The calendar is based on noting ordinary and easily observable natural events, the cycle of the sun through the seasons with equinox and solstice, and the recurrent phases of the moon.
Sections in this article:
- Reckoning the Dates Assigned to Years
- Development of the Modern Calendar
- The Christian Ecclesiastical Calendar
- The Jewish Calendar
- Other Calendars
- Measures of Time
- The Islamic Calendar
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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