During the Bosnian civil war (1992–95), he sought to rid Serb-dominated Bosnian regions of non-Serbs. Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) and Croats were driven from their homes, held in camps where they were tortured and starved, and raped and slaughtered. Karadžić was held responsible for these war crimes, including the massacre of Bosniaks in Srebrenica in 1995 and the killing of thousands of civilians during the 43-month siege of Sarajevo.
Charged (1995) by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) with war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, he was forced to give up (1996) his party and government posts after the Dayton Agreement (1995). Still popular with many Serbs, he was not arrested, and went (1997) into hiding. International pressure finally led to his capture in Belgrade in July, 2008, and he was transferred to The Hague, where he was brought before ICTY in Aug., 2008, tried, and convicted of genocide and other crimes in Mar., 2016.
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