Morley, John, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn
pro-Boerwing of the Liberal party. As secretary of state for India (1905–10), he worked with the earl of Minto to produce the Morley-Minto reforms (1909). Raised to the peerage in 1908, Morley helped steer the Parliament Act of 1911 through the House of Lords. He was lord president of the council from 1910 until 1914, when he retired because of Great Britain's entry into World War I. One of the best biographers of his time, Morley wrote lives of Voltaire (1872), Rousseau (1873), Richard Cobden (1881), Robert Walpole (1889), Oliver Cromwell (1900), and Gladstone (1903; perhaps his best work). He was general editor of the
English Men of Lettersseries, for which he wrote a life of Edmund Burke (1879). His political and critical writings include Critical Miscellanies (1871–77), On Compromise (1874), Diderot and the Encyclopedists (1878), Studies in Literature (1890), and On Politics (1914). His Recollections provide an explanation of his Victorian liberalism.
See F. W. Hirst, Early Life and Letters of John Morley (1927); biography by D. A. Hamer (1968); studies by E. Alexander (1972) and J. Van Arx (1985).
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