Michael, 1921–2017, king of Romania (1927–30, 1940–47). His father, Prince Carol (later Carol II), renounced his right of succession in 1925, and young Michael ascended the throne under a regency on the death of Ferdinand. However, in 1930 his father returned to be recognized as king. When Carol II was deposed in 1940, Michael once more became king. In 1944 he overthrew the dictatorship of Ion Antonescu and concluded an armistice with the Allies (see Romania). Conflicts with the Communist-dominated coalition government after World War II led to his abdication (Dec., 1947) under duress and exile; he was stripped of his Romanian citizenship a year later. He married Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma (1923–2016) in 1948. After the collapse (1989) of Communist rule in Romania, his popularity during two visits (1990, 1992) unnerved the government, and it was not until 1997 that his citizenship was restored and he reestablished a residence in Romania.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Romanian History: Biographies