Carnarvon, Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th earl of,
1831–90, British statesman. As colonial secretary (1866–67) under the earl of Derby he introduced the British North America Act, which made Canada a confederation. In the same office (1874–78) under Disraeli he was unsuccessful in an attempt to create a federation in South Africa. His policy as lord lieutenant of Ireland (1885–86) was conciliatory but failed to stem Irish nationalism.
See correspondence, 1874–1878, ed. by C. W. de Kiewiet (1955).
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