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Boehner, John Andrew

Boehner, John Andrew bā´nər [key], 1949–, American congressman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (2011–15), b. Cincinnati. A business executive and a Republican member (1985–90) of the Ohio house of representatives, he first won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1990, and became an ally of Newt Gingrich . House Republican Conference chairman from 1995 to 1999, he also chaired (2001–6) the House committee on education and the workforce. Boehner subsequently served as House majority leader (2006–7), succeeding Tom DeLay , and as House minority leader (2007–11). After the Republicans won control of the House in the 2010 elections, he became House speaker, but divisions in his caucus between more moderate conservatives and those who wanted a stronger antigovernment approach and greater confrontation with the Obama administration undermined his leadership and ultimately led him (2015) to resign as speaker and retire from the House.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.