Octavia ŏktā´vēə [key].
d. 11 BC, Roman matron, sister of Emperor
and wife of Marc
, her second husband. For some years, she helped maintain peace between her brother and her husband. Antony fell in love with
, and after his war with Augustus began, he divorced (32 BC) Octavia. After his death, she reared his children by Fulvia (his first wife) and by Cleopatra, as well as her own.
d. AD 62, Roman matron, daughter of Emperor
and wife of
, whom she married in AD 53. Nero deserted her for
and divorced her. She was falsely accused of adultery, banished to Pandataria (Ventotene), an island in the Bay of Naples, and put to death. She is the subject of
a unique contemporaneous tragedy, erroneously attributed to Seneca.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Rome: Biographies
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