Quinoa also has been used for poultry and livestock feed and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage called chicha, more commonly made from corn, but commercial production for export, which brings higher prices, has reduced traditional uses in Andean nations. The foliage is used for salad greens. Peru and Bolivia are the largest producers of quinoa. In the Inca Empire, where only the potato was more widely grown, quinoa is said to have been sacred; the year's first furrows were opened ceremoniously with a gold implement.
Quinoa is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Chenopodiaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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