Bauhin, Gaspard gäspär´ bōăN´ [key], 1560–1624, Swiss botanist and doctor of medicine, of French descent. His early classification of plants by genus and species in his chief work, the Pinax theatri botanici (1623), anticipated the binomial arrangement of Linnaeus. Bauhin reformed anatomical nomenclature, especially that of muscles. His elder brother,
Jean Bauhin, 1541–1613, was also a botanist and doctor of medicine. A genus of plants, Bauhinia, was named for the brothers.
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