Rumi, Jalal ad-Din
the Qur'an in Persian.The singing of the Mathnawi has become an art form in itself. Rumi also founded the Mawlawiyya (Mevlevi) Sufi order, who use dancing and music as part of their spiritual method, and who are known in the West as Whirling Dervishes. Rumi's influence spread to Persian-speakers in Afghanistan and central Asia, and beyond, to Turkey and India. His tomb in Konya is a place of pilgrimage, and the Mawlawiyya order is still centered in Konya.
See selections of his mystical poems, tr. by A. J. Arberry (1968) and by James G. Cowan (1992); biographies by F. D. Lewis (2007) and B. Gooch (2017); studies by R. A. Nicholson (1950), A. R. Arasteh (1965), and A. Schimmel (1978).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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