luminism lo͞o´mĭnĭz˝əm [key], American art movement of the 19th cent. Luminism was an outgrowth of the Hudson River school . In its concern for capturing the effects of light and atmosphere it is sometimes linked to impressionism . Its practitioners included Frederick E. Church (in his early career), Fitz Hugh Lane , John F. Kensett , Sanford R. Gifford , and Martin Johnson Heade . They painted majestic landscapes and seascapes bathed in the mystical light of a pristine sky with an emphasis on Nature's grand scale.

See B. Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape and Painting, 1825–1875 (1980).

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