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Paxton, Sir Joseph

Paxton, Sir Joseph, 1803?65, English architect, noted for his use of glass and iron in a proto-modern manner. Beginning his career as a gardener and estate manager, he then built two greenhouses at Chatsworth, Derbyshire, for the duke of Devonshire. The first was the great conservatory (1836?40); the second was a smaller building, designed to protect the Victoria Regia water lily. This work served as a model for the Crystal Palace, built for the Great Exhibition of 1851. He was knighted for the success of this design.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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