kinetic art, term referring to sculptured works that include motion as a significant dimension. The form was pioneered by Marcel Duchamp , Naum Gabo , and Alexander Calder . Kinetic art is either nonmechanical, e.g., Calder's mobiles , or mechanical, e.g., works by Gabo, László Moholy-Nagy , and Jean Tinguely . The latter sort of kineticism developed in response to an increasingly technological culture.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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