Afrofuturism, artistic and cultural movement that is based on the wedding of African diasporic themes with modern technology and elements of science fiction and fantasy. The term is generally credited to cultural historian Mark Dery who introduced it in 1993. Afrofuturism draws on traditional African imagery and mythology and reimagines it in the context of contemporary society. The works of novelists Samuel R. Delany and Octavia Butler, artists Jean-Michel Basquiat and photographer Renee Cox, musicians like Sun Ra , George Clinton , and Janelle Monáe, and comic book and film characters like Black Panther all reflect different aspects of this movement. In 2016, the Center for Afrofuturist Studies was established in Iowa City, Ia., as a place for artists to explore and create new works in the style.

See Y. Womack, Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture (2013), R. Anderson and C.E. Jones, eds., Afrofuturism 2.0: The Rise of Astro-Blackness (2015); I. Lavender III and L. Yaszek, eds., Literary Afrofuturism in the Twenty-First Century (2020); W. Sites, Sun Ra's Chicago: Afrofuturism and the City (2020).

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