book publishing: Mergers and Acquisitions
Mergers and Acquisitions
Publishing traditionally had been an industry of numerous, small, family-owned firms. After the 1960s, however, publishing houses were regularly purchased by and consolidated with other companies. For example, Rinehart & Company and the John C. Winston Company were purchased by Henry Holt & Company to form Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. In addition, publishing firms were being taken over by conglomerates, e.g., Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., was purchased by the Columbia Broadcasting System; in 1986, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (now Harcourt, Inc.) bought the educational and publishing division of CBS Inc., which included Holt, Rinehart & Winston; Henry Holt & Company was then sold to the Holtzbrinck group of Germany (Holtzbrink now also owns St. Martin's and Macmillan). Time Warner, the world's largest entertainment and media company, owned Little, Brown & Co., Warner Books, Time Life Books, Book of the Month Club, and many popular magazines, but over a period of years the book imprints were sold off to Bertelsmann and other companies, and the magazines became an independent corporation, Time Inc., in 2014. Time Inc. was subsequently sold to Meredith Corporation, a large magazine publisher, in 2018.
Some publishing houses became part of larger corporations in other countries. Rupert Murdoch's Australia-based News
Corporation acquired HarperCollins (formerly Harper & Row),
William Morrow, and Avon, plus many other American, Australian, and
British publications as well as television and radio stations.
Doubleday, along with its houses Delacorte and Dell, was bought by the
German firm Bertelsmann and merged with Bantam; when Bertelsmann later
(1998) acquired Random House, it became the largest U.S. trade
publisher. Robert Maxwell of
England bought Macmillan (U.S.), the New York
Sections in this article:
- Related Entries
- Associations and Awards
- Mergers and Acquisitions
- New Technologies
- Paperback Books
- The Emergence of Publishing Houses
- Early History
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