Bemelmans, Ludwig, 1898–1962 American author and illustrator of children's books, b. Meran, Austria-Hungary (now in Italy), to Belgian and German parents. Trained in the hotel and restaurant business, he immigrated to New York City (1914), served the U.S. Army during World War I, and became an American citizen (1918). After the war he began drawing hotel employees and patrons, then created cartoons and later children's books. His most famous series details the adventures of Madeline and her fellow schoolgirls, including Madeline (1939; animated short film, 1952), Madeline's Rescue (1953; Caldecott Medal), Madeline and the Bad Hat (1956), and Madeline in London (1961). Madeline at the White House (2011), first suggested Jacqueline Kennedy, written by Bemelmans' grandson,
John Bemelmans Marciano, 1970–, who added other books to the series. Ludwig Bemelmans also created covers for The New Yorker and a mural of Central Park in the Bemelmans Bar of New York City's Carlyle Hotel.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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