Poitier, Sir Sidney,
1927–, Bahamian-American actor, b. Miami, raised in the Bahamas, returned to the United States at 15. The first African-American actor to achieve leading man status in Hollywood films, Poitier combines attractiveness and poise with an innate projection of dignity and self-assurance. Many of his plays and films have directly addressed issues of race, including his Broadway triumph, Lorraine Hansberry
's A Raisin in the Sun
(1959, film 1961), and such films as the pioneering No Way Out
(1950), his movie debut; the internationally acclaimed Cry, the Beloved Country
(1951), after Alan Paton
's novel; The Defiant Ones
(1957), the film that established Poitier's reputation; Lilies of the Field
(1963; Academy Award); Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?
(1967), which treated the subject of interracial marriage; and In the Heat of the Night
(1967). He turned to directing in 1971; among his films are Buck and the Preacher
(1972), A Patch of Blue
(1973), and Stir Crazy
(1980). In 1991 he portrayed Thurgood Marshall
in the Emmy-winning television film Separate but Equal.
Knighted in 1968, he was appointed the Bahamas' ambassador to Japan in 1997.
See his autobiographical works, This Life (1980), The Measure of a Man (2000), and Life beyond Measure: Letters to My Great-granddaughter (2008); biography by A. Goudsouzian (2004).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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