Meaning of spare

spare

Pronunciation: (spâr), [key]
— v., adj., n. spared, spar•ing, spar•er, spar•est,
—v.t.
  1. to refrain from harming or destroying; leave uninjured; forbear to punish, hurt, or destroy: to spare one's enemy.
  2. to deal gently or leniently with; show consideration for: His harsh criticism spared no one.
  3. to save from strain, discomfort, embarrassment, or the like, or from a particular cause of it: to spare him the bother; to spare her needless embarrassment.
  4. to refrain from, forbear, omit, or withhold, as action or speech: Spare us the gory details.
  5. to refrain from employing, as some instrument or recourse: to spare the rod.
  6. to set aside for a particular purpose: to spare land for a garden.
  7. to give or lend, as from a supply, esp. without inconvenience or loss: Can you spare a cup of sugar? Can you spare me a dollar till payday?
  8. to dispense with or do without: We can't spare a single worker during the rush hour.
  9. to use economically or frugally; refrain from using up or wasting: A walnut sundae, and don't spare the whipped cream!
  10. to have remaining as excess or surplus: We can make the curtains and have a yard to spare.
—v.i.
  1. to use economy; be frugal.
  2. to refrain from inflicting injury or punishment; exercise lenience or mercy.
  3. to refrain from action; forbear.
—adj.
  1. kept in reserve, as for possible use: a spare part.
  2. being in excess of present need; free for other use: spare time.
  3. frugally restricted or meager, as a manner of living or a diet: a spare regime.
  4. lean or thin, as a person.
  5. scanty or scant, as in amount or fullness.
  6. sparing, economical, or temperate, as persons.
—n.
  1. a spare thing, part, etc., as an extra tire for emergency use.
  2. an area at the top of a plaster mold for holding excess slip.
    1. the knocking down of all the pins with two bowls.
    2. a score so made. Cf.strike(def. 78).
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
See also: