Meaning of calque

calque

Pronunciation: (kalk), [key]
— n., v., calqued, cal•quing.
—n.
  1. a loan translation, esp. one resulting from bilingual interference in which the internal structure of a borrowed word or phrase is maintained but its morphemes are replaced by those of the native language, as German halbinsel for peninsula.
  2. loanshift.
—v.t.
  1. to form (a word or phrase) through the process of loan translation.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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