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Meaning of ablative absolute

ab'lative ab'solute

Pronunciation: [key]
— Latin Gram.
  1. a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā, “the road having been made.”
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.