Cite Return to Daily IQ 1794"Terror is nothing more than speedy, severe and inflexible justice"Robespierre, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine. 1540 King Henry VIII of England's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed and Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard. 1750 The great baroque composer Johann Sebastian Bach died. 1821 Peru declared its independence from Spain. 1868 The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which established the citizenship of African Americans and guaranteed due process of law, was ratified. 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, precipitating the start of World War I. 1932 Herbert Hoover ordered Douglas MacArthur to evict the Bonus Marchers from their camps. 2002 Nine Pennsylvania coal miners were rescued after 77 hours of being trapped in a mine shaft. Yesterday Return to Daily IQ Tomorrow or choose another day: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Today's Birthday or select month and date: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Year by Year: 1900?2014 or enter a year: Enter a year: TrendingHere are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. July 2021 Current Events: US News Record Highest Temperatures by State The Languages of Africa What Is There to Do in North Korea? The Real World Destinations of Greek Mythology What is the World's Oldest Country?