Ukraine | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Ukraine. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Ukraine's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Volodymyr Zelensky (2019)

    Prime Minister: Denys Shmyhal (2020)

    Total area: 233,089 sq mi (603,700 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 44,291,413 (growth rate: –0.6%); birth rate: 9.41/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.1/1000; life expectancy: 69.14; density per sq mi: 191

    Capital (2013 est.): Kyiv (Kiev), 3,275,000 (metro. area), 2,847,000 (city proper)

    Other large cities: Kharkiv, 1,441,622; Odessa, 1,003,705; Dnipropetrovsk, 1,001,962; Donetsk, 962,024;

    Monetary unit: Hryvna

    National name: Ukrayina

    Current government officials

    Languages: Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian (regional language) 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%

    Ethnicity/race: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belorussian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)

    Religions: Orthodox (includes Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (UAOC), Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish
    Note: Ukraine's population is overwhelmingly Christian; the vast majority - up to two-thirds - identify themselves as Orthodox, but many do not specify a particular branch; the UOC-KP and the UOC-MP each represent less than a quarter of the country's population, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church accounts for 8-10%, and the UAOC accounts for 1-2%; Muslim and Jewish adherents each compose less than 1% of the total population (2013 est.)

    Literacy rate: 99.7% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $333.7 billion; per capita $7,400. Real growth rate: 0.4%. Inflation: 0.7%. Unemployment: 8% officially registered; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers; International Labor Organization est.: 7%. Arable land: 53.85%. Agriculture: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk. Labor force: 22.17 million (2013 est.); industry 18.5%, agriculture 15%, services 65.7% (2008). Industries: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing. Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land. Exports: $71.14 billion (2013 est.): ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, food products. Imports: $87.21 billion (2013 est.): energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: Russia, Germany, Turkey, Egypt, China, Poland, Belarus (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 12.182 million (2012); mobile cellular: 59.344 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 134, FM 289, shortwave 4 (2007). Radios: 45.05 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: at least 33 (plus 21 repeater stations that relay broadcasts from Russia) (1997). Televisions: 18.05 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2.173 million (2012). Internet users: 7.77 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 21,619 km (2012). Highways: total: 169,694 km; paved: 166,095 km; unpaved: 3,599 km (2012). Waterways: 1,672 km (2012). Ports and harbors: Feodosiya (Theodosia), Illichivsk, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa, Yuzhnyy. Airports: 187 (2013).

    International disputes: 1997 boundary delimitation treaty with Belarus remains unratified due to unresolved financial claims, stalling demarcation and reducing border security; delimitation of land boundary with Russia is complete with preparations for demarcation underway; the dispute over the boundary between Russia and Ukraine through the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov is suspended due to the occupation of Crimea by Russia; Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria Region, which remains under the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops; the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea; in February of 2022, Russian forces launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine that has led to the deaths of thousands and the displacement of millions.

    Major sources and definitions