Portugal | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
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Facts & Figures

  • Portuguese Republic

    President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (2016)

    Prime Minister: Pedro Passos Coelho (2011)

    Land area: 35,382 sq mi (91,639 sq km); total area: 35,672 sq mi (92,391 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 10,813,834 (growth rate: 0.12%); birth rate: 9.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.48/1000; life expectancy: 79.01

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.) Lisbon, 2.843 million

    Other large city: Porto, 1.367 million (2011)

    Monetary unit: Euro (formerly escudo)

    National name: República Portuguesa

    Current government officials

    Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)

    Ethnicity/race: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; less than 100,000 citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization; East Europeans have entered since 1990

    Religions: Religion Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other 0.6%, unknown 8.3%, none 6.8% (2011 census)

    Literacy rate: 95.4% (2011 est.).