Kazakhstan | Facts & Information
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Facts & Figures
Official Name: Republic of Kazakhstan
President: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2019)
Prime Minister: Alihan Smaiylov (2022)
Land area: 1,049,150 sq mi (2,717,300 sq km); total area: 1,049,150 sq mi (2,717,300 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 19,332,410 (growth rate: 1.05%); birth rate: 18.51/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.9/1000; life expectancy: 71.37
Capital (2020 est.): Astana 1,136,008
Largest city: Almaty 2,147,233 million
Monetary unit: Tenge
National name: Qazaqstan Respublikasy
Languages: Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Kazakh (Qazaq) 70.4%, Russian 15.5%, Uzbek 3.2%, Ukrainian 2.0%, Uighur 1.5%, German 1.2%, Tatar 1.1%, other 5.1% (2021)
Religions: Islam 69.3%, Russian Orthodox 17.2%, other 0.2%, no religion/response 13.3%
National Holiday: Independence Day, December 16
Literacy rate: 99.7% (2009 est.)
Currency: Kazakhstani Tenge (KZT)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP $190.8 billion (2021); $10,041 (2021). Real growth rate: 4%. Inflation: 16% (2022 average). Unemployment: 4.9%. Arable land: 10.9%. Agriculture: grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; livestock. Labor force: 9.247 million; industry 20.98%, agriculture 14,86%, services 64.16% (2019). Industries: oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials. Natural resources: major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium. Exports: $60.62 billion (2022 est.): oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, and coal. Imports: $46.03 billion (2022 est.): machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: China, Italy, Russia, Netherlands, Uzbekistan, Switzerland, and Austria (2022 ).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.275 million (2019); mobile cellular: 24.29 million (2019). Broadcast media: state owns nearly all radio and TV transmission facilities and operates national TV and radio networks; nearly all nationwide TV networks are wholly or partly owned by the government; some former state-owned media outlets have been privatized and are controlled by the former press secretary Berik Uali, who heads the Khabar Agency that runs multiple TV and radio stations; a number of privately-owned TV stations; households with satellite dishes have access to foreign media; a small number of commercial radio stations operating along with state-run radio stations (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 67,464 (2012). Internet users: 15.47 million (2021).
Transportation: Railways: total: 16,060 km (2022). Roadways: total: 97,418 km; paved: 87,140 km; unpaved: 10,278 km (2020). Waterways: 4,000 km (on the Ertis (Irtysh) River (80%) and Syr Darya (Syrdariya) River) (2022). Ports and terminals: Aqtau (Shevchenko), Atyrau (Gur'yev), Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk), Pavlodar, Semey (Semipalatinsk). Airports: 175 (2022).