Kyrgyzstan | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
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Facts & Figures

  • President: Almazbek Atambayev (2011)

    Prime Minister: Temir Sariyev (2015)

    Total area: 73,861 sq mi (191,300 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 5,604,212; (growth rate: 1.04%); birth rate: 23.3/1000; infant mortality rate: 28.71/1000; life expectancy: 70.06.

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Bishkek, 839,000

    Monetary unit: Som

    National name: Kyrgyz Respublikasy

    Current government officials

    Languages: Kyrgyz (official) 64.7%, Uzbek 13.6%, Russian (official) 12.5%, Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)

    Ethnicity/race: Kyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999)

    Religions: Islam 75%; Russian Orthodox 20%; other 5%

    National Holiday: Independence Day, August 31

    Literacy rate: 99.2% (2009 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $14.3 billion; per capita $2,500. Real growth rate: 7.4%. Inflation: 6.8% (2013). Unemployment: 8.6% (2011 est.). Arable land: 6.38%. Agriculture: tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool. Labor force: 2.344 million (2007); agriculture 48%, industry 12.5%, services 29.5% (2005 est.). Industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals. Natural resources: abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc. Exports: $1.881 billion (2013 est.): cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, hydropower; machinery; shoes. Imports: $5.082 billion (2013 est.): oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UAE, Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Turkey (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 489,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 6.8 million (2012). Broadcast media: state-run television broadcaster operates 2 nationwide networks and 6 regional stations; roughly 20 private TV stations operating with most rebroadcasting other channels; state-run radio broadcaster operates 2 networks; about 20 private radio stations operating (2007). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 115,573 (2012) Internet users: 2.195 million (2009 ).

    Transportation: Railways: 470 km (2010). Highways: total: 34,000 km (2007 est.). Waterways: 600 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Balykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye). Airports: 28 (2013).

    International disputes: Kyrgyzstan has yet to ratify the 2001 boundary delimitation with Kazakhstan; disputes in Isfara Valley delay completion of delimitation with Tajikistan; delimitation of 130 km of border with Uzbekistan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas.

    Major sources and definitions