Israel Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Israel, also known as the State of Israel, is a country in Asia located in the Middle East region. It is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, and the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively. Israel's capital, Jerusalem, is revered as a holy land by Jews, Muslims, and Christians alike. The country’s political map shows Israel's major cities, including Tel Aviv, Haifa, Netanya, Yotvata, Beersheba, Hadera, and Nazareth.

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Israel as a country, check out our Israel Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our Middle Eastern geography quiz, Israel Map Quiz!

History of Israel

Israel's history is deeply intertwined with the history of the Jewish people. Its modern establishment in 1948 by the United Nations came after centuries of Jewish diaspora. Over the years, Israel has been involved in numerous conflicts with its Arab neighbors and Palestinian territories, leading to tense political situations and negotiations — particularly with Palestine and Hamas militants. However, it has also made strides in technological advancements and economic development, becoming known as the "Start-Up Nation" with a thriving high-tech industry.

Israeli Culture

With its unique blend of Eastern and Western influences, Israel's culture is a diverse mix of ancient traditions and modern innovation. The official language of Israel is Hebrew. However, Arabic is also spoken by the Arab minority, and English is widely understood and spoken.

The country is also home to people of various religions, ethnicities, and backgrounds who have all contributed to its vibrant culture. From the delicious and diverse cuisine to the lively music and dance, Israel's cultural scene is a reflection of its rich history and multicultural society.

Geography of Israel

Geographically, the map of Israel is diverse. From the Golan Heights in the northern area to the arid Negev desert in the south, and the fertile Galilee region to the Jordan River, Israel offers varied landscapes. The country's coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea is home to major cities like Tel Aviv and Haifa, while the Dead Sea — the lowest elevation point on Earth — borders Israel to the east. Israel also shares a fractional coastal boundary on the Gulf of Aqaba with Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.

Tourist Attractions of Israel

Israel's tourist attractions are as diverse as its breathtaking geography. In Jerusalem, the capital city, visitors can immerse themselves in the rich history and spirituality of iconic sites such as the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and the Dome of the Rock. Tel Aviv, on the other hand, captivates with its vibrant nightlife, bustling markets, and sun-kissed beaches that stretch along the Mediterranean coast.

Beyond these well-known destinations, there are more gems to explore. The ancient city of Nazareth invites travelers to walk in the footsteps of Jesus Christ, with highlights including the Basilica of the Annunciation and the Greek Orthodox Church of the Archangel Gabriel. The scenic Galilee region, with its rolling hills and serene landscapes, offers an ideal escape for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts, as well as the resort city of Eilat near the Red Sea, and the historical towns of Tiberias and Ramla.

Dead Sea seashore with palm trees and mountains
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Ask...

If you're inspecting maps of Israel, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

Why Are Israel and Palestine at War 2023?

The ongoing armed conflict between Israel and Palestinian militant groups, led by Hamas, began on October 7, 2023. The outbreak of the hostilities was marked by a coordinated surprise offensive from Hamas, which led to the death of more than 1,400 Israelis, the majority of whom were civilians.[1]

As a response to the attack, Israel has engaged in a relentless bombing campaign of the Gaza Strip, with plans for a ground offensive.[2] The situation in Gaza has deteriorated significantly, with aid workers describing it as a "complete catastrophe" as tens of thousands of Palestinians attempt to flee south.[3]

What Is the Problem Between Israel and Palestine?

The conflict between Israel and Palestine primarily stems from disputes over territorial boundaries, the status of Jerusalem, and the right of return for Palestinian refugees. Years of failed peace talks have perpetuated political tensions and sporadic violence, with more conflict most recently being launched in October 2023.

Was Palestine a Country Before Israel?

Before Israel's establishment in 1948, the region was known as Palestine, administered by Britain under the Palestine Mandate. However, it was not a sovereign country, and its status remains a focal point in ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflicts.

What Is the Political Status of Jerusalem?

East Jerusalem, which includes the Old City, was annexed by Israel after its victory in the Six-Day War in 1967, but the move has not been recognized internationally. The city's status remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

Who Are the Neighboring Countries of Israel?

Israel is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest, and the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively.


[1] Picciotto, R., Nova, A., Meredith, S., & Wang, C. (2023, October 15). Iran warns war could expand; China says Gaza offensive is “beyond self-defense.” CNBC. Retrieved October 16, 2023, from
[2] Siddiqui, U., Ibrahim, A., Shankar, P., Rowlands, L., Doyle, K., Mohamed, H., & Rasheed, Z. (2023, October 14). Israel-Hamas war updates: Israeli water supply move a ‘distraction.’ Israel-Palestine Conflict News | Al Jazeera. Retrieved October 16, 2023, from
[3] Cnn, B. A. H. M. M. A. H. R. R. J. B. A. H. W. W. A. H. C. C. A. A. H. M. M. (2023, October 16). October 15, 2023 Israel-Hamas war news. CNN. Retrieved October 16, 2023, from