Egypt Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Egypt is a fascinating and diverse country that spans both North Africa and the Middle East, and is also known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. It boasts a rich and ancient history that dates back thousands of years, with impressive monuments such as the Great Pyramids and the Sphinx, which still stand today as a testament to the incredible craftsmanship and engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians.

In addition to its impressive history, Egypt is also a land of incredible natural beauty, with stunning landscapes that range from the rugged and rocky Sinai Peninsula to the lush and fertile Nile Valley. The River Nile, which flows through the heart of Egypt, has played a vital role in the country's development, both historically and economically, providing a vital source of water for irrigation, transportation, and trade.

Egypt is also a land of great cultural significance, with a rich and diverse heritage that encompasses everything from traditional music and dance to art, literature, and cuisine, spread across the map of Egypt for you to discover.

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Egypt as a country, check out our Egypt Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our arts and culture quiz on Ancient Egypt!

Egypt Facts: History

Egypt has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The country is home to some of the world's most famous landmarks, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the Valley of the Kings. Ancient Egypt was ruled by pharaohs, who built magnificent temples and monuments that still stand today.

The country's strategic location at the crossroads of Africa and the Middle East made it a hub for merchants and traders, who brought goods and ideas from all corners of the world. This exchange of goods and ideas helped to shape not just Egypt, but the entire region, and left a lasting impact on the world as we know it today.

Egypt Facts: Geography

Egypt is a vast country, occupying an area of more than 1 million square kilometers. The country is divided into 27 governorates, which are further divided into smaller districts. Cairo, the country's capital, is also the largest city in Egypt, with a population of over 20 million people, making it one of the largest cities in Africa and the Middle East. Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel and the Red Sea to the east.

The Nile River, which is one of the longest rivers in the world, runs through the center of the country, providing water for irrigation, agriculture, and hydroelectric power. The Nile Valley and Nile Delta, which are located along the river, are the most fertile areas of the country and the most densely populated. These two regions are also home to most of Egypt's agricultural production, including cotton, wheat, and vegetables.

Egypt is also home to the Sinai Peninsula, which is located in the northeastern part of the country and borders the Red Sea, and includes the Ras Mohamed National Park.

Egypt Facts: Tourist Attractions

Egypt is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors every year. The country is home to many ancient Egyptian temples, pyramids, and tombs, as well as beautiful beaches and resorts.

  • Ancient Egyptian Wonders: Explore the wonders of ancient Egypt, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the Valley of the Kings. Visit the temples of Luxor and Karnak, and see the massive statues of Abu Simbel.
  • Major Cities: Cairo is the largest city in Egypt, with a population of over 9 million people. Other major cities in Egypt include Alexandria, Giza, Aswan, and Hurghada.
  • Red Sea: The Red Sea is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling, with clear waters and colorful marine life. Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada are popular resorts on the Red Sea.
  • Nile River: Take a cruise down the Nile River and see the beautiful landscapes of Egypt. Visit the temple of Philae in Aswan and the Kom Ombo temple near Luxor.
  • Sinai Peninsula: The Sinai Peninsula is home to beautiful beaches and the St. Catherine's Monastery, one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world.
Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Search For...

Other online explorers of this country also commonly ask the following questions.

What Makes Egypt So Special?

Egypt is famous for its many wonders, including the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. The Nile River runs through the heart of the country, providing water for irrigation and transportation. With its beautiful beaches and resorts, the Red Sea is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.

Is Egypt an Arab or African Country?

Egypt is both an Arab and African country, located in the northeastern corner of Africa and the Middle East. The country has a rich and diverse cultural heritage that encompasses both its African and Arab roots, shaped by centuries of trade, conquest, and cultural exchange.

Is Egypt a Part of Africa or Asia?

Egypt is a transcontinental country, with its territory spanning both Africa and Asia. Geographically, it is located in the northeastern region of Africa, but it is also considered to be part of the Middle East due to its close cultural and political ties to the region.

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