Top News Stories from 1958
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Rev. Dominique Georges Henri Pire (Belgium)More World Statistics...
- European Economic Community (Common Market) becomes effective (Jan. 1).
- Egypt and Syria merge into United Arab Republic (Feb. 1).
- Khrushchev becomes Premier of Soviet Union as Bulganin resigns (Mar. 27). Background: Rulers of Russia since 1533
- Gen. Charles de Gaulle becomes French premier (June 1), remaining in power until 1969.
- Eisenhower orders US Marines into Lebanon at request of President Chamoun, who fears overthrow (July 15).
- New French constitution adopted (Sept. 28), de Gaulle elected president of 5th Republic (Dec. 21).
President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Life expectancy: 69.6 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.5More U.S. Statistics...
- The US Supreme Court rules unanimously that Little Rock, Ark., schools must integrate (Sept. 29). Background: Civil Rights
- Army's Jupiter-C rocket fires first US satellite, Explorer I, into orbit (Jan. 31).
US GDP (1998 dollars): $467.3 billion
Federal spending: $82.41 billion
Federal debt $279.7 billion
Consumer Price Index: $28.9
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03 ($0.04 as of 8/1/58)
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Milwaukee Braves (4-3)
NBA ChampionshipSt. Louis Hawks d. Boston
Stanley CupMontreal d. Boston
WimbledonWomen: Althea Gibson d. A. Mortimer (8-6 6-2)
Men: Ashley Cooper d. N. Fraser (3-6 6-3 6-4 13-11)
Kentucky Derby ChampionTim Tam
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipKentucky d. Seattle
NCAA Football ChampionsLSU (AP, UPI) (11-0-0) & Iowa (FW) (8-1-1)
World CupBrazil d. Sweden
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Fiction: A Death in the Family, James Agee
Music: Vanessa, Samuel Barber
Drama: Look Homeward, Angel, Ketti Frings
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Bridge on the River Kwai, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Boris Pasternak (USSR) (declined)
Miss America: Marilyn Van Derbur (CO)More Entertainment Awards...
- Billboard debuts its Hot 100 chart. Ricky Nelson's "Poor Little Fool" boasts the first No. 1 record.
- Alvin Ailey establishes the American Dance Theatre.
- Elvis Presley is inducted into the U.S. Army (March 24).
- Vertigo, Gigi, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Defiant Ones
- Antonin Artaud, The Theatre and Its Double
- Truman Capote, Breakfast at Tiffany's
- John Cheever, The Housebreaker of Shady Hill
- Jack Kerouac, The Subterraneans, The Dharma Bums
- Stanley Kunitz, Selected Poems, 19281958
- Theodore Roethke, Words for the Wind
- Claude Lévi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology
- Leon Uris, Exodus
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Frederick Sanger (UK), for determining molecular structure of insulin
Physics: Pavel A. Cherenkov, Ilya M. Frank, and Igor E. Tamm (all USSR), for work resulting in development of cosmic-ray counter
Physiology or Medicine: Joshua Lederberg (US), for work with genetic mechanisms; George W. Beadie and Edward L. Tatum (both US), for discovering how genes transmit hereditary characteristicsMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- First transatlantic jet passenger service started by BOAC, with a New York to London route (Oct. 4). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation
- The existence of the Van Allen Belt, a radiation belt surrounding the Earth, is confirmed by the Explorer I satellite. Background: Astronomy
- NASA initiates Project Mercury, aimed at putting a man in space within two years. Background: US Staffed Space Flights