Top News Stories from 1948
- Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu militant (Jan. 30).
- Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia (Feb. 23-25). Background: The Cold War
- Organization of American States (OAS) Charter signed at Bogotá, Colombia (April 30).
- Nation of Israel proclaimed; British end Mandate at midnight; Arab armies attack (May 14). Background: Arab-Israeli Wars
- Berlin Airlift begins (June 21); ends May 12, 1949.
- Stalin and Tito break (June 28).
- United States of Indonesia established as Dutch and Indonesians settle conflict (Dec. 27).
President: Harry S. Truman
Vice President: none
Life expectancy: 67.2 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 5.9More U.S. Statistics...
- Truman ends racial segregation in the U.S. military.
- Margaret Sanger founds the International Planned Parenthood Federation.
- Alfred Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $269.7 billion
Federal spending: $29.76 billion
Federal debt $252.0 billion
Consumer Price Index: $24.1
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesCleveland d. Boston Braves
NBA ChampionshipBaltimore Bullets d. Philadelphia Warriors
Stanley CupToronto d. Detroit
WimbledonWomen: Louise Brough d. D. Hart (6-3 8-6)
Men: Bob Falkenburg d. J. Bromwich (7-5 0-6 6-2 3-6 7-5)
Kentucky Derby ChampionCitation
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipKentucky d. Baylor
NCAA Football ChampionsMichigan (9-0-0) 1948 Summer Olympics
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Fiction: Tales of the South Pacific, James A. Michener
Music: Symphony No. 3, Walter Piston
Drama: A Streetcar Named Desire, Tennessee Williams
Academy Award, Best Picture: Gentleman's Agreement (Twentieth Century-Fox)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Thomas Stearns Eliot (UK)
Miss America: BeBe Shopp (MN)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Hollywood Ten, a group of writers, producers and directors called as witnesses in the House Committee's Investigation of Un-American Activities, are jailed for contempt of Congress when they refuse to disclose if they were or were not Communists.
- Columbia Records introduces the 33 1/3 LP ("long playing") record at New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. It allows listeners to enjoy an unprecedented 25 minutes of music per side, compared to the four minutes per side of the standard 78 rpm record.
- The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Hamlet, I Remember Mama, Johnny Belinda, The Snake Pit
- Albert Camus, The Plague
- Truman Capote, Other Voices, Other Rooms
- A. C. Kinsey, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male
- Norman Mailer, The Naked and the Dead
- Ezra Pound, The Pisan Cantos
- Theodore Roethke, The Lost Sun and Other Poems
- Gore Vidal, The City and the Pillar
- William Carlos Williams, Paterson, Part Two
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Arne Tiselius (Sweden), for biochemical discoveries and isolation of mouse paralysis virus
Physics: Patrick M. S. Blackett (UK), for improvement on Wilson chamber and discoveries in cosmic radiation
Physiology or Medicine: Paul Mueller (Switzerland), for discovery of insect-killing properties of DDTMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- George A. Gamow (US) puts forth the "Big Bang" theory to explain the origin of the universe. Background: Astronomy
- Dennis Gabors of England develops the theoretical basis for holography.
- Edwin Land (US) invents the Polaroid Land camera.
- Physicist Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger (US) develop a theory of quantum electrodynamics.
- Norbert Wiener of MIT coins the term cybernetics.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) is established under UN auspices.