Top News Stories from 1938
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Switzerland)More World Statistics...
- Hitler marches into Austria; political and geographical union of Germany and Austria proclaimed.
- Munich Pact—Britain, France, and Italy agree to let Germany partition Czechoslovakia.
- Nazis destroy Jewish shops, homes, synagogues in Kristallnacht riots; 20,000-30,000 sent to concentration camps.
- First oil strike in Kuwait transforms the emirate's economy.
President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: John N. Garner
Population: 129,824,939More U.S. Statistics...
- Orson Welles broadcasts his adaptation of H.G. Wells's War of the Worlds, creating a nationwide panic as listeners believe that aliens have landed in New Jersey (Oct. 30).
- Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage.
- Unexpected hurricane wreaks havoc on Long Island, N.Y. and in New England. See U.S. Hurricanes.
Federal spending: $6.84 billion
Consumer Price Index: $14.1
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Chicago Cubs (4-0)
Stanley CupChicago d. Toronto
WimbledonWomen: Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-4 6-0)
Men: Don Budge d. H. Austin (6-1 6-0 6-3)
Kentucky Derby ChampionLawrin
NCAA Football ChampionsTCU (11-0-0)
World CupItaly d. Hungary
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Late George Apley, John Phillips Marquand
Drama: Our Town, Thornton Wilder
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Life of Emile Zola (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Pearl S. Buck (US)
Miss America: Marilyn Meseke (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
- Roy Acuff joins the Grand Ole Opry and brings national recognition to the Nashville-based radio program.
- Information Please quiz show debuts on radio.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Richard Kuhn (Germany), for carotenoid study and vitamin research (declined)
Physics: Enrico Fermi (Italy), for identification of new radioactivity elements and discovery of nuclear reactions effected by slow neutrons
Physiology or Medicine: Corneille Heymans (Belgium), for determining importance of sinus and aorta mechanisms in the regulation of respirationMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about.