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Top News Stories from 1938

World Events

World Statistics

Population: 4.378 billion
population by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Switzerland)
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  • Hitler marches into Austria; political and geographical union of Germany and Austria proclaimed.
  • Munich Pact—Britain, France, and Italy agree to let Germany partition Czechoslovakia.
  • Nazis destroy Jewish shops, homes, synagogues in Kristallnacht riots; 20,000-30,000 sent to concentration camps.
  • First oil strike in Kuwait transforms the emirate's economy.

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

Vice President: John N. Garner
Population: 129,824,939
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Economics

Federal spending: $6.84 billion
Consumer Price Index: $14.1
Unemployment: 19.0%
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03

Sports

World Series
NY Yankees d. Chicago Cubs (4-0)
Stanley Cup
Chicago d. Toronto
Wimbledon
Women: Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-4 6-0)
Men: Don Budge d. H. Austin (6-1 6-0 6-3)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Lawrin
NCAA Football Champions
TCU (11-0-0)
World Cup
Italy d. Hungary

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Late George Apley, John Phillips Marquand
Drama: Our Town, Thornton Wilder
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Life of Emile Zola (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Pearl S. Buck (US)
Miss America: Marilyn Meseke (OH)
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Events

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Richard Kuhn (Germany), for carotenoid study and vitamin research (declined)
Physics: Enrico Fermi (Italy), for identification of new radioactivity elements and discovery of nuclear reactions effected by slow neutrons
Physiology or Medicine: Corneille Heymans (Belgium), for determining importance of sinus and aorta mechanisms in the regulation of respiration
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