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Top News Stories from 1920

World Events

World Statistics

Population: 4.378 billion
population by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Léon Bourgeois (France)
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U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
Population: 106,461,000
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  • Women's suffrage goes into effect following Tennessee's ratification of the 19th amendment (Aug. 26).
  • Factory worker Nicola Sacco and fish peddler Bartolomeo Vanzetti are picked up by police (May 5) in connection with an April 15 murder and robbery in South Braintree, Mass.
  • A bomb explodes in the J.P. Morgan bank building in New York City, killing 30 and injuring 200 (Sept. 16).

Economics

Federal spending: $6.36 billion
Consumer Price Index: $20
Unemployment: 5.2%
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02

Sports

World Series
Cleveland d. Brooklyn (5-2)
Stanley Cup
Ottawa d. Seattle (PCHA)
Wimbledon
Women: Suzanne Lenglen d. D. Chambers (6-3 6-0)
Men: Bill Tilden d. G. Patterson (2-6 6-3 6-2 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Paul Jones
NCAA Football Champions
California (9-0-0) 1920 Summer Olympics

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Drama: Beyond the Horizon, Eugene O'Neill
Nobel Prize for Literature: Knut Hamsun (Norway)
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Events

  • KDKA, a Pittsburgh Westinghouse station, transmits the first commercial radio broadcast.
  • Eugene O'Neill's first full-length play, Beyond the Horizon, is produced on Broadway and wins a Pulitzer Prize marking the beginning of modern American drama.
  • Rising popular interest in African-American literature sparks the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Speakeasies replace saloons as the center of social activity.

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Walther Nernst (Germany), for work in thermochemistry
Physics: Charles E. Guillaume (Switzerland), for discoveries of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys
Physiology or Medicine: August Krogh (Denmark), for discovery of regulation of capillaries' motor mechanism
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