Top News Stories from 1919
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Woodrow Wilson (US)More World Statistics...
- Versailles Treaty, incorporating Woodrow Wilson's draft Covenant of League of Nations, signed by Allies and Germany; rejected by U.S. Senate.
- 18th Amendment (Prohibition) adopted. Background: Amendments to the Constitution of the United States
- Mahatma Gandhi initiates Satyagraha campaigns, beginning his nonviolent resistance movement against British rule in India.
President: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
Population: 104,514,000More U.S. Statistics...
- About three-quarters of the Boston police force goes on strike (Sept. 9). Massachusetts Governor (John) Calvin Coolidge acts quickly to dismiss the strikers, saying that no one has the right to strike against the public safety.
- Race riots erupt in 26 U.S. cities during the course of the year, including Washington, D.C., and Chicago in July.
- The 18th amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcholic beverages anywhere in the U.S., is ratified (Jan. 16).
Federal spending: $18.49 billion
Consumer Price Index: $17.3
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03 ($0.02 as of 7/1/19)
World SeriesCincinnati d. Chicago White Sox (5-3)
Stanley CupNo Decision (due to influenza epidemic)
WimbledonWomen: Suzanne Lenglen d. D. Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)
Men: Gerald Patterson d. N. Brookes (6-3 7-5 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionSir Barton
NCAA Football ChampionsHarvard (CFRA-tie, HF) (9-0-1) Illinois (CFRA-tie) (6-1-0) & Notre Dame (NCF) (9-0-0)
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Magnificent Ambersons, Booth Tarkington
Nobel Prize for Literature: Carl Spitteler (Switzerland)More Entertainment Awards...
- After moving from its southern rural roots, jazz establishes Chicago as its capital. The city will become home to such jazz greats as trumpeter Louis Armstrong and pianist Jelly Roll Morton.
- Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks, and Mary Pickford establish United Artists in an attempt to control their own work.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: None awarded
Physics: Johannes Stark (Germany), discovery of Doppler effect in Canal rays and decomposition of spectrum lines by electric fields
Physiology or Medicine: Jules Bordet (Belgium), for discoveries in connection with immunityMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...