Top News Stories from 1912
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Elihu Root (US)More World Statistics...
- The "unsinkable" oceanliner Titanic sinks on maiden voyage after colliding with an iceberg; over 1,500 drown (April 15).
- Balkan Wars begin, resulting from territorial disputes: Turkey defeated by alliance of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro (Oct.).
President: William H. Taft
Vice President: James S. Sherman
Population: 95,335,000More U.S. Statistics...
- New Mexico and Arizona are admitted as states No. 47 and 48.
- Woodrow Wilson is elected president.
- William Randolph Hearst begins to acquire his media empire that will include 18 newspapers and nine magazines within two decades.
- Girl Scouts of America founded by Juliette Gordon Low.
Federal spending: $0.69 billion
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.02
World SeriesBoston Red Sox d. NY Giants (4-3-1)
Stanley CupQuebec Bulldogs
WimbledonWomen: Ethel Larcombe d. C. Sterry (6-3 6-1)
Men: Tony Wilding d. A. Gore (6-4 6-4 4-6 6-4)
Kentucky Derby ChampionWorth
NCAA Football ChampionsHarvard (CFRA, HF) (9-0-0) & Penn St. (NCF) (8-0-0) 1912 Summer Olympics
Nobel Prize for Literature: Gerhart Hauptmann (Germany)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Radio Act of 1912 assigns three- and four-letter codes to radio stations and limits broadcasting to the 360m wavelength, which jams signals.
- Photoplay debuts as the first magazine for movie fans.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Victor Grignard (France), for reagent discovered by him; and Paul Sabatier (France), for methods of hydrogenating organic compounds
Physics: Gustaf Dalén (Sweden), for discovery of automatic regulators used in lighting lighthouses and light buoys
Physiology or Medicine: Alexis Carrel (France), for work on vascular ligature and grafting of blood vessels and organsMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- American Astronomer Henrietta Leavitt discovers a correlation between Cepheids' periods and luminosity, a relationship that becomes important to the measurement of interstellar and intergalactic distances.
- German meteorologist and geophysicist Alfred Wegener proposes the idea of continental drift.
- Piltdown Man hoax perpetuated. Supposed fossils said to be "missing link" in evolution. In 1953 it was found that human and ape bones were fraudulently aged.