Niger | Facts & Information

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Facts & Figures

  • Official name: Republic of Niger (Rpublique du Niger)

    Land area: 489,191 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km)

    Total area: 489,191 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km)

    President: Mahamadou Issoufou (Since 2011)

    Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini (Since 2011)

    Capital: Niamey, 1.214 million (2018)

    Currency: West African CFA franc

     

    Population: 19,866,231(July 2018 est.)

    Population Change: Growth rate: 3.16%; 43.6 births/1,000 population, 11.5 deaths/1,000 population, -0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 79.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

    Life Expectancy: 56.3 years

     

    Nationality/Demonym: Nigerien

    Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma

    Ethnicity/race: Hausa 53.1%, Zarma/Songhai 21.2%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani (Peul) 6.5%, Kanuri 5.9%, Gurma 0.8%, Arab 0.4%, Tubu 0.4%, other/unavailable 0.9% (2006 est.)

    Religions: Muslim 99.3%, Christian .3%, animist .2%, none .1% (2012 est.)

    Literacy rate: 19.1% (2015 est.)

     

    Major sources and definitions

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